易错集锦大全211道题精选(21)

2019-10-07 07:23:39

  201.Jack's father asked him, "Have you packed your things?" (改为间接引语)

  Jack's father asked him ______ he ______ packed his things.

  if, had。将一般疑问句的直接引语改为间接引语,就是将其改为一个以if(是否)引导的宾语从句。宾语从句要用陈述句语序,主句中的谓语动词是过去式时,宾语从句的谓语动词也用过去式。

  202.Hurry up, or you'll miss the early bus. (改为含条件状语从句的复合句)

  ______ ______ hurry, ______ ______miss the early train.

  If you, you will。"祈使句+and / or+陈述句"句型中的祈使句就相当于一个if引导的条件状语从句。注意:改写时因为前面用了连词if,后面的连词and / or要去掉。

  203.This text is very difficult. I can't understand it. (合并为同义句)

  This text is ______ difficult for me ______ understand.

  too, to。因为too…to…意为"太……而不能……"正好与前面的意思相吻合。另外,改写后的句子也可说成The text is so difficult that I can't understand it.

  204.I know a little bit about Italy as my wife and I ____ there several years ago.

     A. are going B. had beenC. wentD. have been

   题干中前半句"know",一般现在时;后半句出现"several years ago",明显的表示过去的时间,所以选择一般过去时"went",答案C.本题很多同学都顺着中文"去过"而误选了"D. have been",是没有掌握好语句中出现了具体过去时间这一关键。

  205. The young girl sitting next to me on the plane was very nervous. She ____ before.

     A. hasn't flown B. didn't flyC. hadn't flown D. wasn't flying

  题干中前半句"was",一般过去时;后半句最后出现"before"说明是在过去(was)之过去,前半句的"was"给出了选择过去完成时的时间背景,因此选择C.

  206. By the time you get back, great changes ______ in this area.A.will take place B.will be taken place

  C.are going to take place D.will have taken place

  题干"By the time you get back",是"到你(将来)回来时",这里因为是时间状语从句,将来时用一般时代替,因此后半句的时间应当使"将已经",故选择D.

  207.When their first child was born, they ______ for three years. A. had married B. had been married C. had got married D. got married [解析★]选B。这道题考察过去完成时。看到for three years, 第一,马上想到使用完成时,排除D。第二,动作必须是可延续性的,所以排除A、C两项。答案C。208.I was really anxious about you. You _____ home without a word. A. mustn't leave B. shouldn't have left C. couldn't have left D. needn't leave [解析★★]选B。 这道题情态动词+have done 表示"对过去发生的事件的推测"。shouldn't have done 表示"本不该做某事,但是却做了。"所以选B最合适。C. couldn't have done 表示"过去不可能发生的事"。

  209. When all the work ______, you may go back home. A. finishes B. has finished C. is finished D. will be finished[解析]选C。考察两个语法点:第一考察主将从现,主句使用may + 动词原形,相当于一般讲来时,从句应该使用一般现在时,所以A、C两项入围。第二考察被动语态。Work 和finish 的关系是动宾关系,因work(工作)自己本身不能发出finish这个动作。所以用被动语态。答案是C

  210.Lucy and I are classmates. We _______ in Class One. A. all are B. are all C. both are D. are both【解析】此题容易误选A或C。这里受到汉语思维的影响引起的,译成汉语正好是"我们都在一班"。表示两者都要用both,both一般放在be动词、情态动词或助动词之后,行为动词之前。正确答案为D。

  211.If there are ______ trees,the air in our city will be _______cleaner.(more/fewer/much)

  横线后trees是可数名词的复数形式,只能在修饰名词的复数的fewer和more中选择,根据句意选择"更多more";而后面cleaner往往学生会以为是个不可数名词而选择much,其实后面是clean个形容词,而且其后er表示它是形容词的比较级,只有much才能修饰形容词的比较级。

  212.What does the word "alone" mean?=What's the ___________ __________ the world "alone"?

  上句中mean作动词,下句中meaning作名词,固定搭配:"the meaning of……的意思",学生容易想到meaning,而忽视了后面的介词的搭配,容易写成:off/for

  Study hard and your dream __________.学生看到了"and"会以为是前后动词时态对照,会写come true/comes true,选will come true,是因为它是以下句子的缩略:If you study hard, your dream will come true

  When Martin visited Beijing for the first time,he __________ the city.大多数学生容易写成:was falling in love with/falling in love with分析:句中有when还有暗示 visited,学生很容易联想到第三单元的从句,而选择上面的答案。 fell in love with"爱上",是暂时性动词,应该选用一般过去时。